5 Common Types of Business Analyst

November 11, 2013 by
Filed under: Business Analyst Skills 

A lot of people these days call themselves Business Analyst (BA) but put them in a room to talk and you will soon see they are quite different.

This difference also creates problems for employers as they need to find the right BA for their role.

For this post I have broken the types of BA’s into 5 distinct groups that require unique talents to be successful. I am sure that there is more and feel free to comment with your suggestions. It is quite possible for a BA to have been in all 5 roles but the longer they are in one role, the weaker their skill become in the others. In later posts I will go into depth on each role so you can gain an understanding of what the pro’s and cons are.

1 – Business Process Analyst

The focus of the Business Process Analyst is to look at Business Process and see opportunities for improvement beyond the limitation of IT. They may suggest hiring additional people in a role, timing changes of process events and even communication methods. May even suggest IT solutions. Note however that they are not limited to just Information Technology. Generally a Business Process Analyst is knowledgeable about the business to the point that they could perform tasks within the business realm. In fact a lot of Business Process Analysts once worked on the business side, even gaining licenses in the chosen field. Think about Nurses or Doctors advising on business process because they know the role very well. It is unusual for an IT Business Analyst to end up in this role for they do not know the business from not having worked in it. Business Process Analysts, generally are the highest paid of the Business Analyst roles.

2 – Business Data Warehousing Analyst

Data Warehousing is all about data and to be in this role, you need to be comfortable spending you days looking at data elements, tables and database structures. This is a great role if you don’t like interviewing people to understand their job so that you can capture requirements. Most of the focus of this job is gathering data to store in the Data Warehouse and responding to request for data from the Data Warehouse. My friends in this role like it because it does not change much and they don’t have to deal with business users as much.

3 – Business Reporting Analyst

Sometimes this role is included with the Data Warehousing role but other times it is not. These BA’s spend their time pulling data and formatting it for report generation. Knowledge of databases, reporting tools and ways to slice and dice data is usually a requirement for this job. As well as a keen understanding of the requirements that go along with reports – summary fields, paging, sort order etc.

4 – Business Infrastructure Analyst

They gather the requirements around IT infrastructure upgrades. It is a technical role (at least you have to understand technical jargon relating to networks, servers and software upgrades) and rarely involves direct business involvement. Focus is more about making sure IT projects have their infrastructure requirements documented and met. Think along the lines of a Windows Upgrade project and you will get the idea.

5 – Business Application Analyst

Consider this role the more traditional IT BA role however it is going through some changes which I will discuss in a later post. These BA’s work closely with the business to provide IT solutions that tie in with their business process. Generally they are approached by the Business to provide an IT solution or enhancement to their existing business process.

So there you have it, 5 possible BA roles that you may end up in. Each role requires different skills to be successful in and I look forward to discussing them with you at a later date.

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